上议院将于6月7日对委员会就C45大麻法案提出的修改建議进行三读。上议院各小組日前已完成研究，2018年7月大麻合法化关注組根据会议所讨論，提出7个核心问题，邀公众表达意见。如果上议院通過对C45法案作修改，法案將发回下议院再度辩论，到時或未能于7月前完成立法。 问卷到6月4日截止，6月5日会把结果呈上议会。此次全国性民調，冀有过万人填写，请大家積極参与，广 传家人及群組。 请按此处问卷链接： https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/Bill-C45 所有问题建议填YES！
第八项是一个开放问题，可以写上“I do not support C-45.”
I understand that a vote on Bill C-45 is forthcoming.
I provide the attached document as evidence that each of you have been made fully aware of the risks and harms.
This Notice of Liability Memo and attached Affidavit of Harms gives formal notification to all addressees that they are morally, if not legally, liable in cases of harm caused by making toxic marijuana products legally available, or knowingly withholding accurate information about the multiple risks of hemp/marijuanaproducts to the Canadian consumer.
This memo further gives notice that those elected, or appointed, as representatives of the people of Canada, by voting affirmatively for Bill C45, do so with the knowledge that they are breaching international treaties, conventions and law. They do so also with the knowledge that Canadian law enforcement have declared that they are not ready for implementation of marijuanalegalization, and as they will not be ready to protect the lives of Canadians, there may arise grounds for a Charter of Rights challenge as all Canadian citizens are afforded the right to security of self.
The attached affidavit cites statements made by Health Canada that are grounded in scientific evidence that documents many harms caused by smoking or ingesting marijuana.
As a very concerned citizen I implore you to do the right thing and oppose Bill C-45. This legislation is extremely problematic and we are ill-prepared to deal with the fallout.
To Canadian Parliamentarians, Canada Senators and The Marijuana Industry.
This Notice of Liability Memo and attached Affidavit of Harms give formal notification to all addressees that they are morally, if not legally liable in cases of harm caused by making toxic marijuana products legally available, or knowingly withholding accurate information about the multiple risks of hemp/marijuana products to the Canadian consumer. This memo further gives notice that those elected or appointed as representatives of the people of Canada, by voting affirmatively for Bill C45, do so with the knowledge that they are breaching international treaties, conventions and law. They do so also with the knowledge that Canadian law enforcement have declared that they are not ready for implementation of marijuana legalization, and as they will not be ready to protect the lives of Canadians, there may arise grounds for a Charter challenge as all Canadian citizens are afforded the right to security of self.
Scientific researchers and health organizations raise serious questions about the safety of ingesting even small amounts of cannabinoids. Adverse effects include risk of harm to the cardio-vascular system, respiratory tract, immune system, reproductive and endocrine systems, gastrointestinal system and the liver, hyperemesis, cognition, psychomotor performance, psychiatric effects including depression, as well as acts of suicide, anxiety and bipolar disorder; schizophrenia and psychosis, including acts of violence; a-motivational syndrome; and addiction. The scientific literature also warns of teratogenicity (causing birth deformities) and epigenetic damage (affecting genetic development) and clearly establishes the need for further study. The attached affidavit cites statements made by Health Canada that are grounded in scientific evidence that documents many harms caused by smoking or ingesting marijuana.
Putting innocent citizens in “harm’s way” can be a costly bureaucratic mistake, as evidenced by the 2015 Canadian government’s $168 million payout to victims of exposure to thalidomide. In 1961 thalidomide was allowed by the Canada government to be used to treat morning sickness in pregnant women but it caused catastrophic birth defects and death. The USA heeded the warnings and did not make the same terrible mistake.
It would be instructive to reflect on "big tobacco" and their multi-billion-dollar liability in cases of misinformed sick and dead tobacco cigarette smokers. Litigants won lawsuits for harm done by smoking cigarettes even when it was the user’s own choice to obtain and smoke tobacco. In Minnesota during the 1930's and up to the 1970's tobacco cigarettes were given to generally healthy "juvenile delinquents' incarcerated in a facility run by the state. One of the juveniles, now an adult, who received the state's tobacco cigarettes, sued the state for addicting him. He won.
The marijuana industry, in making public, unsubstantiated claims of marijuana safety, is placing itself in the same position, in terms of liability, as the tobacco companies.
In 1954, the tobacco industry published a statement that came to be known during Minnesota's tobacco trial as the "Frank Statement." Tobacco companies then formed an industry group for the purposes of deceiving and confusing the public.
In the Frank Statement, tobacco industry spokesmen asserted that experiments linking smoking with lung cancer were "inconclusive," and that there was no proof that cigarette smoking was one of the causes of lung cancer. They stated, "We believe the products we make are not injurious to health." Judge Kenneth Fitzpatrick instructed the Minnesota jurors: "Jurors should assume in their deliberations that tobacco companies assumed a "special duty" by publishing the ad (Frank Statement), and that jurors will have to determine whether the industry fulfilled that duty." The verdict ruled against the tobacco industry.
Effective June 19, 2009, marijuana smoke was added to the California Prop 65 list of chemicals known to cause cancer. The Carcinogen Identification Committee (CIC) of the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) “determined that marijuana smoke was clearly shown, through scientifically valid testing according to generally accepted principles, to cause cancer.”
Products liability and its application to marijuana businesses is a topic that was not discussed in the Senate committee hearings. Proposition 65, requires the State to publish a list of chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects or other types of reproductive harm. Proposition 65 requires businesses to provide their customers with notice of these cancerous causing chemicals when present in consumer products and provides for both a public and private right of action. On May 23, the Canadian Senate Social Affairs Committee heard testimony that marijuana is not carcinogenic.
The similarities between the tactics of "Big Tobacco" and the "Cannabis Trade Alliance of Canada" and individual marijuana producers would seem to demand very close scrutiny.
The International Narcotics Control Board Report for 2017 reads: “Bill C-45, introduced by the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada on 13 April 2017, would permit the non-medical use of cannabis. If the bill is enacted, adults aged 18 years or older will legally be allowed to possess up to 30 grams of dried cannabis or an equivalent amount in non-dried form. It will also become legal to grow a maximum of four cannabis plants, simultaneously for personal use, buy cannabis from licensed retailers, and produce edible cannabis products. The Board wishes to reiterate that article 4 (c) of the 1961 Convention restricts the use of controlled narcotic drugs to medical and scientific purposes and that legislative measures providing for non-medical use are in contravention of that Convention....
The situation pertaining to cannabis cultivation and trafficking in North America continues to be in flux owing to the widening scope of personal non-medical use schemes in force in certain constituent states of the United States. The decriminalization of cannabis has apparently led organized criminal groups to focus on manufacturing and trafficking other illegal drugs, such as heroin. This could explain why, for example, Canada saw a 32 per cent increase from 2015 to 2016 in criminal incidents involving heroin possession….The Canadian Research Initiative in Substance Misuse issued “Lower-risk cannabis use guidelines” in 2017. The document is a health education and prevention tool that acknowledges that cannabis use carries both immediate and long-term health risks.”
Upon receipt of this Memo and Affidavit, the addressees can no longer say they are ignorant or unaware that promoting and/or distributing marijuana cigarettes for recreational purposes is an endangerment to citizens. Receipt of this Memo and Affidavit removes from the addressees any claim of ignorance as a defense in potential, future litigation.
Pamela McColl www.cleartheairnow.org
AFFIDAVIT May 27, 2018
I, Pamela McColl, wish to inform agencies and individuals of known and potential harm done/caused by the use of marijuana (especially marijuana cigarettes) and of the acknowledgement of the risk of harm as cited by Health Canada.
Marijuana is a complex, unstable mixture of over four hundred chemicals that, when smoked, produces over two thousand chemicals. Among those two thousand chemicals are many pollutants and cancer-causing substances. Some cannabinoids are psychoactive, all are bioactive, and all may remain in the body's fatty tissues for long periods of times with unknown consequences. Marijuana smoke contains carcinogenic (cancer-causing) substances such as benzo(a)pyrene, benz(a)anthracene, and benzene in higher concentrations than are present in tobacco smoke. The mechanism by which benzo(a)pyrene causes cancer in smokers was demonstrated scientifically by Denissenko MF et al. Science 274:430-432, 1996.
Health Canada Consumer Information on Cannabis reads as follows: “The courts in Canada have ruled that the federal government must provide reasonable access to a legal source of marijuana for medical purposes.”.... “Cannabis is not an approved therapeutic product and the provision of this information should not be interpreted as an endorsement of the use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes, or of marijuana generally, by Health Canada.”
“Serious Warnings and Precautions: Cannabis (marihuana, marijuana) contains hundreds of substances, some of which can affect the proper functioning of the brain and central nervous system.”….The use of this product involves risks to health, some of which may not be known or fully understood. Studies supporting the safety and efficacy of cannabis for therapeutic purposes are limited and do not meet the standard required by the Food and Drug Regulations for marketed drugs in Canada.”
Health Canada – “When the product should not be used: Cannabis should not be used if you:-are under the age of 25 -are allergic to any cannabinoid or to smoke-have serious liver, kidney, heart or lung disease -have a personal or family history of serious mental disorders such as schizophrenia, psychosis, depression, or bipolar disorder-are pregnant, are planning to get pregnant, or are breast-feeding -are a man who wishes to start a family-have a history of alcohol or drug abuse or substance dependence Talk to your health care practitioner if you have any of these conditions. There may be other conditions where this product should not be used, but which are unknown due to limited scientific information.....Cannabis is not an approved therapeutic product and the provision of this information should not be interpreted as an endorsement of the use of this product, or cannabis generally, by Health Canada.”
Prepared by Health Canada Date of latest version: February 2013, accessed May 2018. https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/drugs-health-products/medical-use-marijuana/information-medical-practitioners/information-health-care-professionals-cannabis-marihuana-marijuana-cannabinoids.html
See also: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/drugs-health-products/medical-use-marijuana/information-medical-practitioners/information-health-care-professionals-cannabis-marihuana-marijuana-cannabinoids.html
A report published by survey company RIWI Corp. (RIWI.com) can be found at: https://riwi.com/case-study/measuringcanadians-awareness-of-marijuanas-health-effects-may-2018
The report measures Canadians’ awareness of marijuana’s health effects as determined by Health Canada and published on Health Canada’s website. RIWI data indicates: 1. More than 40% of those under age 25 are unaware that marijuana impacts safe driving. Further, 21% of respondents are not aware that marijuana can negatively impact one’s ability to drive safely. Health Canada: “Using cannabis can impair your concentration, your ability to make decisions, and your reaction time and coordination. This can affect your motor skills, including your ability to drive.” 2. One in five women aged 25-34 believes marijuana is safe during pregnancy, while trying to get pregnant, or breastfeeding. • RIWI: “For women of prime childbearing age (25-34), roughly one in five believe smoking marijuana is safe during pregnancy, planning to get pregnant, and breastfeeding.” • Health Canada: “Marijuana should not be used if you are pregnant, are planning to get pregnant, or are breastfeeding. … Long-term use may negatively impact the behavioural and cognitive development of children born to mothers who used cannabis during pregnancy.” 3. One in three Canadians do not think that marijuana is addictive. • Health Canada: “Long term use may result in psychological dependence (addiction).” 4. One in three Canadians believe marijuana aids mental health. • Health Canada: “Long term use may increase the risk of triggering or aggravating psychiatric and/or mood disorders (schizophrenia, psychosis, anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder).” 5. One in two males were unaware that marijuana could harm a man’s fertility • “Marijuana should not be used if you are a man who wishes to start a family.” ClearTheAirNow.org, a coalition of concerned Canadians commissioned the survey.
Affiant is willing to provide further sources of information about the toxicity of marijuana.
Pamela McColl www.cleartheairnow.org
1。哈利法克斯，蒙特利尔，滑铁卢，列治文，卡尔加里的代表分别讲话7分钟：内容概要是大约每个城市有17个部门都需要介入。大麻合法不仅需要初期的资本投入，还需要大量的长期的管理投入。每年对于一个城市初步估算会需要$800-$1000万元管理费用，比如大楼管理，禁烟区域管理，防止黑市受到刺激进一步泛滥，医院，救护车，消防局，警察检测大麻仪器，公众教育等。作为一个小小的城市，这么高昂的费用，不是第一年政府投入就够的，是持续的费用。这些费用的持续负担是关键。联邦的大麻收益跟各级政府的revenue sharing, 是市政府不能妥协的要求。每个城市分别要求联邦政府的33%-50%的大麻收益拨款。
2。列治文的华裔议员又额外提出了5大问题，第一，家庭养殖，警察不可能挨家的敲门检查。这个带来的风险已经背离的当初C45立法所讲的初衷“就是减少风险，尤其是减少对未成年的风险。” 第二，小朋友就可以携带5克，相当于15个大麻卷，这给孩子们传达的什么信息？第三，城市在条例规定和管理上，完全没有准备好。所以基于这三点，我们城市强烈反对这个法案。第四，大麻种植是工业范畴，不是农业领域，所以禁止用农田种植大麻。第五，如果合法，我要求联邦给50%的大麻收入。现在这个法案是”Trial and error” ,在各个级别都没有全套制度的情况下，先实施，再实验中修补错误，这是不对的。
1。立法委员问，市政府的参与。列治文说，各级政府都在等着其他政府的指示，现在是到处May be this, may be that，谁也不清楚自己到底干什么。现在跟我们商讨如何实施，但如果这个法案本身有缺陷，根本实行不了。
13。听了这么多，都是反对的声音。到会议尾声，现在竟然有一个叫Tony Dean 的立法委做了总结式的发言“看来大家都有很高的readyness啦”。这人是耳朵聋了吗？晕死。
與區澤光會面的參議員，包括胡元豹、胡子修、馬丁（Yonah Martin）、格里芬（Diane Griffin）、薛文（Judith Seidman）、杜飛（Michael Duffy） 。